The Most Popular Browser in Each Country, 2008-2015
“From the News Release/Summary:
The number of American infants born before the 37th week of pregnancy dropped slightly in 2013, as did the percentage of children with asthma under the age of 17. The percentage of teens who experienced a major depressive episode increased.
These and other findings are described in America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2015. The report was compiled by the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, which includes participants from 23 federal agencies. The forum fosters coordination, collaboration, and integration of federal efforts to collect and report data on children and families.
According to the report, youth who have had a major depressive episode in the past year are at greater risk for suicide. They are more likely than other youth to initiate alcohol and other drug use, experience concurrent substance use disorders, and smoke daily. A major depressive episode is defined as a period of at least two weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities, plus four other symptoms of depression, such as problems with sleep, eating, energy, concentration, and feelings of self-worth. The report noted that the percentage of youth ages 12-17 who experienced a major depressive episode increased from 9 percent in 2004 to 11 percent in 2013. Those who received treatment for such an episode declined from 40 percent in 2004 to 38 percent in 2013.
Poverty rates among children declined, according to the report. The percentage of children living in poverty dropped to 20 percent in 2013 from 22 percent in 2012. The percentage of children with at least one working parent increased during the same time period. Similarly, the percentage of children in households experiencing housing problems also has declined.
This year’s report is the 17th in an ongoing series and presents key indicators of children’s wellbeing in seven domains: family and social environment, economic circumstances, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education, and health.
Regarding behavioral indicators, 10th and 12th graders were less likely to smoke, and eighth and 12th graders were less likely to have reported binge drinking (five or more alcoholic drinks in a row) in the two weeks prior to the survey.
Within the overall population of children, the percentage of children declined to 23.1 percent in 2014, from 23.3 percent in 2013 Among the child population, the percentage of White, non-Hispanic children declined slightly, and there were slight increases in the percentage of children classified as Hispanic, Asian, non-Hispanic, and of two or more races, non-Hispanic.
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OUTSIDE THE LINES is a weeklong celebration to reconnect you with the creativity, technology, discovery and all of the fun and unexpected experiences happening in libraries today – think: 3D printers, ebooks, woodworking classes, personal job search help, laptop checkouts, biz incubators, seed libraries, recording studios…the list goes on.
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Here’s an interesting site relevant to our current Canadian federal election building on the work of Canadian libraries and researchers.
If you ever suspected Canadian politicians flip-flopped on a specific issue, or wondered where they stand on another, a new online tool will help you easily find out for sure.
Professor Ian Milligan at the University of Waterloo is charting the content of millions of archived political web pages spanning the last decade, allowing the public to compare what Canadian political leaders and pundits said in the past compared to now.
WebArchives.ca pulls from collections that the University of Toronto Library has been collecting for a decade. Professor Milligan and his research team at Waterloo, as well as project collaborators from York University and Western University made the data searchable and accessible, drawing on code that staff at the British Library developed.
“We’ve got access to a collection of 50 archived websites from political parties and interest groups, allowing you to search them back to 2005,” said Milligan, a professor in the Department of History at Waterloo. “It means, for example, that anyone can find out what parties and groups said about climate change or free trade in the 2008 or 2011 election, or at any point between elections.”
A search comparing depression against recession, for example, shows parties and groups such as the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, the Green Party and the Council of Canadians tended to describe economic downturn as depression, whereas the New Democrats, the Liberals and the Conservatives more typically use the term recession.
“We can use these searches to quickly find the historical allegories that some made towards the Great Depression, and economic action plans to remedy the situation,” said Professor Milligan.
Users can quickly access previously public content that is now stored as big data in a digital archive. The website’s search tool produces millions of historical results that wouldn’t turn up in a Google search because the pages are no longer live. It also provides sophisticated analysis functions.
“You can run keyword searches, such as finding out the context of a word — Alberta and oil for instance — as well as being able to trace the prevalence of cultural ideas over time,” said Milligan.
The tool can trace how often a term or phrase appears in each year of the collection’s 10-year range. It contains interactive graphs where users can click on any point in a graph line to open all the citations associated with a specific term at a specific date.
In order to compare and analyze shifting rhetoric and platform points, users can compare what one party has said over the past few years about topics ranging from global warming to public transit. The tool also tracks the change in language, such as tar sands becoming Canada’s Oil Sands.
The project is possible through funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Insight Development Grant and an Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation’s Early Researcher Award.
In just half a century, the University of Waterloo, located at the heart of Canada’s technology hub, has become one of Canada’s leading comprehensive universities with 35,000 full- and part-time students in undergraduate and graduate programs. A globally focused institution, celebrated as Canada’s most innovative university for 23 consecutive years, Waterloo is home to the world’s largest post-secondary co-operative education program and encourages enterprising partnerships in learning, research and discovery. In the next decade, the university is committed to building a better future for Canada and the world by championing innovation and collaboration to create solutions relevant to the needs of today and tomorrow. For more information about Waterloo, please visit uwaterloo.ca.
Attention broadcasters: Waterloo has facilities to provide broadcast quality audio and video feeds with a double-ender studio. Please contact us to book.”
“The following article was first posted online on August 14, 2015.
It appears in the Journal of Research on Libraries & Young Adults 6 (2015), published by the Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA), a division of the American Library Association.
Digital Systems Manager, Library, New York Academy of Medicine
Journal of Research on Libraries & Young Adults
This paper identifies and seeks to understand website models of U.S. public library websites for teens, also known as teen library websites (TLWs). TLWs are sections of public library websites devoted to teens and only teens. Few studies have focused on TLWs, and exploring this aspect of public libraries provided an understanding of how public libraries address teen needs via their websites.
TLWs were identified from the 2009 Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) data file, a downloadable Excel document of all data available from the IMLS Public Libraries Survey.
Using web content analysis, 60 TLWs were analyzed in 2012 and reanalyzed in 2015 to understand any changes over time. Four website models were identified, with the majority of TLWs adhering to the Reading Model, a text-heavy website with limited interactivity and media content. In addition, the results showed that in 2012 some public libraries moved from one website model to another while others no longer had TLWs in 2015. These findings suggest that there will be shifts in website design, but website models and access can be a guide to navigating changes. The paper concludes with a list of evaluation questions for best practices in designing TLWs.
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Teens and Social Media: Infographic
“Earlier this month, a key moment in smartphone Internet use passed most of us by…as the title suggests, more people use smartphones than laptops for getting online in the UK – a trend that is sure to be mirrored across the world sooner or later.
Ofcom made the announcement, in which a few key highlights include: