Skip to content

Study: You Suck at Spotting Fake Images

Study: You Suck at Spotting Fake Images

“Image-based forgery is becoming more common not least because humans seem to be particularly vulnerable even to obvious fakes.”

“Schetinger and co began by assembling a set of faked images from three forensic image databases. The resulting set was made up of 177 images, of which 97 were forged either by erasing some element from the picture or adding one.

The team then asked 393 people to decide whether an image had been forged and if so, to click on the region in question. These people were all well-educated but with no special expertise in forgery detection. That produced over 17,000 responses.

The results show just how poor humans are at this task. “Our results indicate that people show inaccurate skills at differentiating between altered and non-altered images … only identifying the modified images 46.5 percent of the time,” they say.

That’s only marginally better than chance. And the team’s observations about the results are not more comforting. They say there was no general conclusion over which forgeries were the hardest to detect—even the most explicit forgeries were missed by some people.

The team asked these people why they had missed the forgery and received a range of excuses, from the image being too cluttered or that they simply did not examine that part of the image. In itself, these answers might be interesting tips for forgers.

The bottom line is that forged images are hard for humans to spot. And that means we are all at risk of being fooled by forgeries like those that enthralled Australia in 2010.

Ref: : Humans Are Easily Fooled by Digital Images”


Posted on: October 12, 2015, 6:26 am Category: Uncategorized

Free Stock Photos: 74 Best Sites To Find Awesome Free Images

Free Stock Photos: 74 Best Sites To Find Awesome Free Images

Looking for the perfect stock photo for your blog or website? There’s no shortage of beautiful stock photos out there, but the price can be prohibitive.


Posted on: October 12, 2015, 6:02 am Category: Uncategorized

Do You Have an Institutional Data Policy? A Review of the Current Landscape of Library Data Services and Institutional Data Policies

Do You Have an Institutional Data Policy? A Review of the Current Landscape of Library Data Services and Institutional Data Policies


Kristin Briney ,

Abigail Goben,


“INTRODUCTION Many research institutions have developed research data services in their libraries, often in anticipation of or in response to funder policy. However, policies at the institution level are either not well known or nonexistent. METHODS This study reviewed library data services efforts and institutional data policies of 206 American universities, drawn from the July 2014 Carnegie list of universities with “Very High” or “High” research activity designation. Twenty-four different characteristics relating to university type, library data services, policy type, and policy contents were examined.RESULTS The study has uncovered findings surrounding library data services, institutional data policies, and content within the policies. DISCUSSION Overall, there is a general trend toward the development and implementation of data services within the university libraries. Interestingly, just under half of the universities examined had a policy of some sort that either specified or mentioned research data. Many of these were standalone data policies, while others were intellectual property policies that included research data. When data policies were discoverable, not behind a log in, they focused on the definition of research data, data ownership, data retention, and terms surrounding the separation of a researcher from the institution. CONCLUSION By becoming well versed on research data policies, librarians can provide support for researchers by navigating the policies at their institutions, facilitating the activities needed to comply with the requirements of research funders and publishers. This puts academic libraries in a unique position to provide insight and guidance in the development and revisions of institutional data policies.”

External Data or Supplements:

Briney, Kristin; Goben, Abigail; Zilinski, Lisa, 2015, “Data from: Do You Have an Institutional Data Policy? A Review of the Current Landscape of Library Data Services and Institutional Data Policies”,, Harvard Dataverse



Posted on: October 11, 2015, 6:53 am Category: Uncategorized

The Power of Visual Branding

The Power of Visual Branding



Posted on: October 11, 2015, 6:38 am Category: Uncategorized

The Map of Literature combines centuries of books and poems in one gorgeous illustration

The Map of Literature combines centuries of books and poems in one gorgeous illustration

Literature Map


See the whole map here:


Posted on: October 10, 2015, 6:25 am Category: Uncategorized

Pediatricians Now Agree: Screen Time Isn’t So Bad for Kids

Pediatricians Now Agree: Screen Time Isn’t So Bad for Kids

“Screen time isn’t necessarily bad for kids—it depends what they’re doing on that screen. The American Academy of Pediatrics recently agreed, dropping strict time-based limits in favor of more open-ended guidelines.

The AAP’s old policy was to limit kids’ screen time (including TV, game s, and everything in between) to two hours per day; under two years old, the recommendation was zero. These guidelines are not just unrealistic, they’re also based on assumptions about TV watching that don’t always apply to how people use phones and tablets. Vegging out in front of the tube is probably not good for anyone, but that doesn’t mean kids  should be prohibited from playing games, Skyping their grandparents, or texting their friends.

New guidelines are still being written, but last week the AAP released the “key messages” that they will include. Some of the more notable ones:

Parenting has not changed. The same parenting rules apply to your children’s real and virtual environments. Play with them. Set limits; kids need and expect them. Teach kindness. Be involved. Know their friends and where they are going with them.

Content matters. The quality of content is more important than the platform or time spent with media. Prioritize how your child spends his time rather than just setting a timer.

It’s OK for your teen to be online. Online relationships are integral to adolescent development. Social media can support identity formation. Teach your teen appropriate behaviors that apply in both the real and online worlds. Ask teens to demonstrate what they are doing online to help you understand both content and context.

When it comes to setting limits, instead of counting hours they recommend asking the question: “Does your child’s technology use help or hinder participation in other activities?” Another suggestion is to preserve some tech-free zones, like having everyone set their phones down during mealtime and to charge them outside of the bedroom to avoid interfering with sleep.

Beyond “Turn It Off”: How to Advise Families on Media Use | American Academy of Pediatrics”

It’s Official: We Can All Calm Down About Screen Time


Posted on: October 10, 2015, 6:19 am Category: Uncategorized

Revised Proposal: Toward a Federation of Library Associations in Canada / Proposition révisée: Vers une fédération des associations de bibliothèques du Canada

Here is a link to the latest document about the creation of a successor organization to the Canadian Library Association.  Canada needs a national voice for libraries and this will be discussed in the coming months and at OLA Super Conference.

Revised Proposal: Toward a Federation of Library Associations in Canada / Proposition révisée: Vers une fédération des associations de bibliothèques du Canada


October 8, 2015
Le français suivra l’anglais
Dear Colleague / Member,
As you know, in January 2015, the Canadian Library Association’s Executive Council initiated a dialogue with colleagues from diverse representative library associations to discuss the future of a unified national voice for Canadian libraries.
The need for work on a new approach has been evident for a number of years. Rather than continuing to try to tweak an increasingly weakening association structure, the library association representatives agreed to work together to contemplate a new way forward for the Canadian library community — one which would leverage the combined membership strength of the many library associations in Canada, would create new opportunities for individuals in the library community to have their voices heard at a national level, and one which would reinforce collaboration amongst the various library associations rather than compete with them.
For the last eight months, facilitated by the Canadian Library Association, a working group comprised of representatives from the provincial and territorial and national sector associations have been meeting to contemplate a new form for our sector’s national library association.
Attached to this cover letter is the proposal entitled Toward a Federation of Library Associations in Canada: Strengthening the national voice for Canadian libraries. We ask you to review the proposal in detail, from the first section through to the final remarks. The order is important because the rationale for change is so compelling. Doing nothing is not an option if we want to have a strong national voice for libraries.
Over the next few weeks, the stakeholder associations — including CLA — will be sending out member surveys to solicit input about the proposal. Please take the time to answer these surveys. The information we gather will be critical for determining any future revisions and next steps.
We, the Working Group, are excited by the prospect of a truly national voice for libraries – one that embraces a broader range of colleagues across the country and strengthens the community. We hope you are as optimistic and excited about this vision for the future as we are.
The Future Federation Working Group
Cher collègue / cher membre,
Comme vous le savez, en janvier 2015, le Conseil exécutif de l’Association canadienne des bibliothèques a entamé un dialogue avec des collègues de diverses associations de bibliothèques ayant des fonctions de représentation afin de discuter de l’avenir d’une voix nationale unifiée pour les bibliothèques canadiennes.
La nécessité de travailler sur une nouvelle approche est manifeste depuis un certain nombre d’années. Au lieu de continuer à essayer de modifier la structure associative de plus en plus faible, les représentants des associations de bibliothèques ont accepté de travailler ensemble pour envisager une nouvelle voie à suivre pour la communauté des bibliothèques canadiennes – une approche qui tirerait parti de la force du nombre qu’ont ensemble les nombreuses associations de bibliothèques du Canada, qui créerait de nouvelles occasions pour les membres de la communauté des bibliothèques de se faire entendre à l’échelle nationale, et qui renforcerait la collaboration entre les diverses associations de bibliothèques au lieu de leur faire concurrence.
Au cours des huit derniers mois, avec l’aide de l’Association canadienne des bibliothèques, un groupe de travail composé de représentants d’associations provinciales, territoriales et nationales s’est rencontré régulièrement afin d’envisager une nouvelle structure pour l’association nationale des bibliothèques de notre secteur.
Vous trouverez ci-joint la proposition intitulée Vers une fédération des associations de bibliothèques du Canada : Renforcer la voix nationale des bibliothèques canadiennes. Nous vous demandons d’examiner en détail la proposition, de la première section aux dernières remarques. L’ordre est important puisque le raisonnement qui sous-tend le besoin de changement est très convaincant. L’inaction n’est pas une option si nous voulons avoir une voix nationale puissante pour les bibliothèques.
Au cours des prochaines semaines, les associations – ACB comprise – enverront des sondages à leurs membres afin de solliciter leurs commentaires sur la proposition. Veuillez prendre un moment pour répondre à ces sondages. Les renseignements que nous recueillons seront essentiels à la détermination de révisions futures et des prochaines étapes.
Nous sommes emballés à l’idée d’une véritable voix nationale pour les bibliothèques – une voix qui englobe un plus grand nombre de collègues partout au pays et qui renforce la communauté. Nous espérons que vous êtes aussi optimiste et emballé par cette vision de l’avenir que nous le sommes.
Le Groupe de travail sur la future federation
From the desk of….
Valoree McKay, CAE



Posted on: October 9, 2015, 10:00 am Category: Uncategorized