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What Motivates Teachers?

What Motivates Teachers?

“A recent Gallup poll of 170,000 Americans — 10,000 of whom were teachers — found that teaching is the second most satisfying profession (after medicine). Ironically, the sameGallup poll found that in contrast to their overall happiness with their jobs, teachers often rate last or close to the bottom for workplace engagement and happiness.

“Of all the professions we studied in the U.S., teachers are the least likely to say that their opinions count and the least likely to say that their supervisor creates an open and sharing environment,” said Brandon Busteed, executive director of Gallup Education, at the Next New World Conference.”

U.S. Teachers Love Their Lives, but Struggle in the Workplace

Teachers rank eighth out of 14 occupation types in rating their work environment

“by Shane J. Lopez and Preety Sidhu

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Teachers in the United States rate their lives better than all other occupation groups, trailing only physicians. They have an average Life Evaluation Index score of 68.8, besting workers in most other types of jobs, including managers and executives, nurses, and business owners.

Life Evaluation Index Scores by Occupation

The research is based on interviewing conducted as part of the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index, which consists of six sub-indexes that measure Americans’ physical, emotional, and financial health. The nation’s teachers score higher than almost all occupational groups on life evaluations plus four of the other five areas of wellbeing — including emotional health, healthy behaviors, basic access, and physical health. In life evaluations, emotional health, and basic access specifically, teachers come in second — trailing only physicians, who typically earn a much higher salary. The one area in which teachers do not score as well is work environment. More generally, teachers earn the second-highest score on the overall Well-Being Index, which is based on all six sub-components, as Gallup and Healthways previously reported.

These findings are based on more than 170,000 interviews conducted from January through December 2012 with employed Americans at least 18 years of age, including 9,467 K-12 teachers.

Teachers Are in Great Emotional Health

Although workers in all professions score well on the Emotional Health Index, teachers share the second-place rank with farming, fishing, and forestry workers, trailing only physicians on this dimension. Service workers rank last.

Emotional Health Index Scores by Occupation

Teachers’ high level of emotional health reflects a lot of positive daily experiences, without a lot of negative ones. Teachers experience more enjoyment than those in other professions, including physicians. And they are the most likely to say they smiled or laughed a lot yesterday, at 88%. Still, teachers report high levels of stress, second only to physicians, with 47% saying they experience it daily. This is unusual, given the fact that stress typically climbs with income, and draws attention to the potential emotional health burden that teaching carries for those who pursue it. It also suggests a bigger payoff for teachers who are able to incorporate regular exercise into their schedules as a means of stress reduction.

Teachers Struggle With Their Work Environments

Despite earning top marks in most areas of wellbeing, teachers’ answers to various questions about their workplace produces a 49.9 Work Environment Index score, which is eighth out of 14 occupation groups. The nation’s educators rank sixth in saying their “supervisor treats me more like a partner than a boss.” And they are dead-last –14th – in saying their “supervisor always creates an environment that is trusting and open.”

Along with another female-dominated profession — nurses — teachers lag far behind business owners, who hold the top spot in terms of Work Environment Index scores.

Work Environment Index Scores by Occupation

These findings are in line with Gallup’s employee engagement index, which also shows that teachers are about middle-of-the-pack in terms of how they feel about their work and workplaces. About seven in 10 teachers are “not engaged” or “actively disengaged” in their work, meaning they are emotionally disconnected from their work environment. Thirty-one percent are engaged. As teacher engagement is the No. 1 predictor and driver of student engagement, these findings have serious implications for students and administrators.

Bottom Line

Teachers have high personal wellbeing, as evidenced by their high life evaluations and emotional wellbeing scores, and this may prove beneficial to their students and the broader community. It is unclear whether the relatively higher scores of teachers on several measures of wellbeing are because working in that profession enhances one’s wellbeing, or if people who have higher wellbeing in general seek out teaching professions.Prior research, however, has demonstrated the significant role that the workplace plays in wellbeing outcomes.

Still, teacher’s low workplace wellbeing, relative to other professional occupations, indicates school and community leaders have important issues to address in the school workplace in order for teachers and students to reach their full potential. It is absolutely critical to raise teachers’ workplace engagement, because their engagement is the No. 1 predictor and driver of student engagement, which Gallup research shows impacts student wellbeing and academic success.

The positive news is that these workplace struggles can be addressed. Teachers and school leaders need to work together to improve the work environment.

About the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index

The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index tracks wellbeing in the U.S. and provides best-in-class solutions for a healthier world. To learn more, please visit

Survey MethodsResults are based on telephone interviews conducted as part of the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index survey with a random sample of 172,286 workers, aged 18 or over, from Jan. 2-Dec. 30, 2012.For results based on the total sample of national adults, one can say with 95% confidence that the maximum margin of sampling error is ±3.5 percentage points for the smallest group (physicians) but less than ±1 for larger groups such as professionals, service workers, or managers/executives.Interviews are conducted with respondents on landline telephones and cellular phones, with interviews conducted in Spanish for respondents who are primarily Spanish-speaking. Each sample includes a minimum quota of 400 cellphone respondents and 600 landline respondents per 1,000 national adults, with additional minimum quotas among landline respondents by region. Landline telephone numbers are chosen at random among listed telephone numbers. Cellphone numbers are selected using random-digit-dial methods. Landline respondents are chosen at random within each household on the basis of which member had the most recent birthday.

Samples are weighted by gender, age, race, Hispanic ethnicity, education, region, adults in the household, and phone status (cell phone only/landline only/both, cell phone mostly, and having an unlisted landline number). Demographic weighting targets are based on the March 2011 Current Population Survey figures for the aged 18 and older non-institutionalized population living in U.S. telephone households. All reported margins of sampling error include the computed design effects for weighting and sample design.

In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of public opinion polls.”

For more details on Gallup’s polling methodology, visit


Posted on: August 28, 2014, 6:47 am Category: Uncategorized

New BISG Study Shows 80% of Publishers Believe Digital Book Subscription is Inevitable But Responses Vary by Market Sector Inbox

New BISG Study Shows 80% of Publishers Believe Digital Book Subscription is Inevitable But Responses Vary by Market Sector Inbox

Via Gary Price at LJ InfoDocket

“Key Findings From the BISG Report:

Digital Books and the New Subscription Economy points to almost unilateral agreement that digital subscription is already having an impact on publishing models and reports a wide range of responses. It analyzes the differing expectations and perspectives from trade, educational, and scholarly publishers, as well as those of other industry stakeholders including subscription service providers. It assesses the long-term impact of subscription models and how publishers and service providers anticipate they’ll adapt.

Len Vlahos, Executive Director of BISG, commented “Subscription models have the potential to disrupt the industry, and we’re very pleased to publish this study to provide an analysis of its implications, both positive and not, for everyone seeking greater understanding of this model and how to plan for it.”

Andrew Savikas, CEO of lead sponsor Safari, said “Safari is a success story for how publishers can use new business models to grow truly new markets. We are proud to have worked with BISG on this report to help others in the industry better understand both the challenges and opportunities in the range of subscription-style models out there, including Safari.”

As new subscription models emerge and dominate publishing news, BISG’s timely report offers extensive data and analysis to help answer the myriad questions about its potential impact on the various publishing models. The research is based on data collected from an extensive survey from a sample of almost 4,000 industry professionals, including publishers, libraries, retailers, aggregators, and other service providers. In addition, the study includes a broad review of current subscription models in publishing and other digital media industries, based on over 50 one-on-one interviews.

Digital Books and the New Subscription Economy delves into why specific models work for different sectors and how these models depend on specific audience needs and expectations. Key factors include:

  • Consumer preferences for access vs. ownership
  • Price sensitivity
  • A preference for breadth vs. depth of selection

The report reviews different market needs and how subscription models can meet them. For example, a professional reader looking for targeted information on a specific subject may want a subscription service that delivers a highly curated selection where price is less important. Casual readers who want a range of options in different subject areas will want a broader selection where lower prices eliminate purchase risk and encourage sampling. Consumers already accustomed to subscription for music, movies, or news and information will expect similar benefits from book subscription services.

  • Publishers’ responses reflect this range of needs, as the study describes in detail. It includes in-depth research and analysis that evaluates changing publishing models, the impact of subscription on discoverability, and concerns over whether subscription will suppress sales or expand audiences. The analysis supports top-line findings such as:
  • Scholarly publishers, while slower to adopt ebooks, are now beginning to offer more choices to libraries.
  • Professional publishers, with a tradition of direct-to-consumer marketing and early models of organizing information digitally, must remain ahead of workers’ changing needs and preferences.
  • Higher education publishers have long relied on rental models, which are really a version of subscription. They see Integrated Learning Systems as the future of their business.
  •  Trade publishers are careful to evaluate the results emerging from those publishers who have begun to use this model
  • Authors will similarly benefit from business models that can bring their works to new, paying readers but share concern about the lower revenue per customer typical of subscription models. Like readers, they may wish to preserve the richness of experience, depth of thinking, complexity, and value that a full-length work provides.

Read the Complete News Release, Learn How to Order the Full Report ($449)



Posted on: August 28, 2014, 6:42 am Category: Uncategorized

INFOGRAPHIC: the ‘Average’ U.S. Facebook User

INFOGRAPHIC: the ‘Average’ U.S. Facebook User

“There is no such thing as the average Facebook user, but play along with us: Fialkov Digital used Facebook’s audience insights to paint a picture of Facebook users in the U.S.

According to Fialkov Digital, the average U.S. Facebook user is likely to be:

  • Female (54 percent).
  • 25 through 34 (24 percent of women, 28 percent of men).
  • Married (46 percent).
  • College-educated (63 percent).
  • Renting their home (72 percent).
  • Household income of $50,000 to $75,000 per year (29 percent).
  • Living alone (27 percent).
  • Home market value of $100,000 to $250,000 (46 percent).
  • Using some kind of cards to make purchases (94 percent), usually bank cards (88 percent).
  • Working in a sales job (17 percent).
  • Accessing Facebook via desktop and mobile in the past 30 days (55 percent), with computers (34 percent) representing the most-used devices.
  • Liked 18 pages in their lifetimes.
  • Liked retailers’ pages, specifically Walmart‘s.”



Posted on: August 28, 2014, 6:32 am Category: Uncategorized

OCLC WHITE PAPER: At a Tipping Point: Education, Learning & Libraries

OCLC’s new study about MOOCs, At a Tipping Point: Education, Learning & Libraries

“We are quickly approaching the tipping point into a new future for American education.

This transformation follows tipping points that have already occurred in how most of us consume and
evaluate information, how we shop and buy, how we date and break up, and how we manage our careers
and our retirement portfolios. Web and mobile services have forever changed how we manage our days,
our jobs, and very soon, how we learn and manage our education.
We now spend nearly as much time exploring online, watching videos on our mobile phones, texting and
tweeting each day as we do sleeping. So every day, keystroke by keystroke, click by click, we become more
skilled, more confident and more empowered.
It should not come as a surprise then that the skills and talents that we have already unleashed on so
many aspects of our lives would come to guide how we learn and educate ourselves. It is simply ‘what’s
next’ in our digital evolution.
Yet, as is often the case in times of change, many of the primary purveyors of the traditional services that
are being reshaped, or more likely unseated, don’t see the shift coming. Perhaps we are too close for
proper viewing or too comforted by loyal customers and high customer service ratings; we don’t feel the
tip or sense shifts in the landscape. We misread the cues.
This impending education tipping point is not the result of any single event or set of new services. It is
not the result of the recent appearance of one online education model, MOOCs. It is not the result of
an outcry of parents, looking for alternatives to what many are calling “unfundable college educations.”
Nor is it because of the rise of easy-to-use self-help videos and tutorials. Education will tip into a new
future because of the cumulative weight of all of these factors—new consumer practice, evolving
technological capabilities and increasing economic incentives.
As social scientist Malcolm Gladwell tells us, “A tipping point is that magic moment when an idea, trend
or social behavior crosses a threshold, tips and spreads like wildfire.”
The sparks are visible.”


Posted on: August 27, 2014, 1:09 pm Category: Uncategorized

Visual Storytelling: Where We Are & Where We’re Headed in 2014

Lots to learn here about how libraries can craft their messaging inexpensively and with impact.

Visual Storytelling: Where We Are & Where We’re Headed in 2014


Posted on: August 27, 2014, 12:21 pm Category: Uncategorized

BISG study: A buffet of digital book subscriptions

BISG study: A buffet of digital book subscriptions

“With almost the kind of timing that Amazon Prime promises its members, Len Vlahos’ Book Industry Study Group (BISG) has arrived to deepen the debate about subscriptions and their potential in publishing.

Only days after Seattle launched its Kindle Unlimited subscription program — quickly pulling up alongside Oyster and Scribd (pronounced “Scribbed”) as one of the most-debated elements of the topic — BISG’s Digital Books and the New Subscription Economy is being released with a message that sounds like the voice of the digital disruption, itself.

While we are still in the early days, our findings suggest that most book publishers will accept that subscription businesses are an inevitable part of the transformation from print to digital book publishing.”


“No one is going to consume just one form of digital media”

“Whoever is very successful is likely to be bought”

“On Safari for success: So many issues”

“And what about authors’ compensation?”

“Final analysis: There is no final analysis”

- See more at: 


Posted on: August 27, 2014, 6:34 am Category: Uncategorized

Return on Educational Investment: 2014 — A District-by-District Evaluation of U.S. Educational Productivity

Return on Educational Investment: 2014 — A District-by-District Evaluation of U.S. Educational Productivity

Return on Educational Investment: 2014 — A District-by-District Evaluation of U.S. Educational Productivity
Source: Center for American Progress

In 2011, the Center of American Progress released the first-ever attempt to evaluate the productivity of almost every major school district in the country. That project developed a set of relatively simple productivity metrics in order to measure the achievement that a school district produces relative to its spending, while controlling for factors outside a district’s control, such the cost of living and students living in poverty.

The findings of that first report were worrisome and underscored the fact that the nation suffers from a productivity crisis. The data suggested that low productivity might cost the nation’s school system billions of dollars a year. What’s more, too few states and districts tracked the bang that they received for their education buck.

In this updated report, CAP uses these same metrics to once again examine the productivity of the nation’s school districts. We embarked on this second evaluation for a number of reasons. In many areas, education leaders continue to face difficult budget choices, and more than 300,000 education-related jobs have been lost since the start of the Great Recession. At the same time, the advent of the new, more rigorous Common Core standards will demand that far more from educators, including better, tougher exams. In short, many educators are being asked to do more with less.

But still, school productivity has not become part of the reform conversation, and with this project, our hope is to shine a light on how productivity differs across districts, as well as to identify key areas of reform. Moreover, for the first time, we conducted a special analysis of educational fiscal practices, diving deep into state budgeting approaches. We believe that if our education system had a more robust way of tracking expenditures, it could do more to increase productivity. Together with this report, we have also released analysis by CAP Senior Policy Analyst Robert Hanna on twin districts. Hanna’s analysis looks more closely at the programs and practices of more effective districts.”


Posted on: August 27, 2014, 6:29 am Category: Uncategorized