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Debates & Arguments: Summary Post Cognitive Bias and Logical Fallacies

WHAT IS A COGNITIVE BIAS?

Humans tend to think in certain ways that can lead to systematic deviations from making rational judgments.

These tendencies usually arise from:

  • Information processing shortcuts
  • The limited processing ability of the brain
  • Emotional and moral motivations
  • Distortions in storing and retrieving memories
  • Social influence

Cognitive biases have been studied for decades by academics in the fields of cognitive science, social psychology, and behavioral economics, but they are especially relevant in today’s information-packed world. They influence the way we think and act, and such irrational mental shortcuts can lead to all kinds of problems in entrepreneurship, investing, or management.

You might be interested in this online book.  It can be read online but you’d need to buy one for a copy of your own.  It summarizes all of the ways that people argue or debate badly and use bad argumentation techniques to support their positions.

An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments

https://bookofbadarguments.com/

The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you from being rational

http://io9.gizmodo.com/5974468/the-most-common-cognitive-biases-that-prevent-you-from-being-rational

  1. Confirmation Bias
  2. Ingroup Bias
  3. Gambler’s Fallacy
  4. Post-Purchase Rationalization
  5. Neglecting Probability
  6. Observational Selection Bias
  7. Status-Quo Bias
  8. Negativity Bias
  9. Bandwagon Effect
  10. Projection Bias
  11. The Current Moment Bias
  12. Anchoring Effect

Rhetological Fallacies [INTERACTIVE]

Logical fallacies poster

20120423-131745.jpg

via @mrbadexample)

Here are 24 cognitive biases that are warping your perception of reality

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/12/24-cognitive-biases-that-are-warping-your-perception-of-reality/

Here are 24 cognitive biases that are warping your perception of reality

Want to see more on cognitive biases? Here are 188 of them in one infographic.”

Cognitive Bias Infographic

“Every Single Cognitive Bias in One Infographic

View the high resolution version of today’s graphic by clicking here.

 

The Fallacy of Information Overload

http://www.briansolis.com/2012/05/the-fallacy-of-information-overload/

3 Lessons on Critical Thinking & Logical Fallacies

Lessons on Critical Thinking & Logical Fallacies

http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2016/07/lessons-on-critical-thinking-logical.html

Check out Richard Byrne’s list:

5 Tips to Improve Your Critical Thinking is a TED-Ed lesson. The introduction to the lesson is a bit long for my liking but once you get past that the tips are solid. The lesson presents critical thinking as a process of five steps. The last step is the one that students will probably struggle to implement, “explore other points of view.”

Wireless Philosophy offers a playlist of twelve videos on logical fallacies. The playlist is embedded below.

The fallacies covered in the PBS videos are Strawman, Ad Hominem, Black and White, Authority, and No True Scotsman. I have embedded the playlist below. ”

Stephen

Posted on: March 4, 2019, 4:57 pm Category: Uncategorized

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