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AI Trained on Old Scientific Papers Makes Discoveries Humans Missed

AI Trained on Old Scientific Papers Makes Discoveries Humans Missed

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/neagpb/ai-trained-on-old-scientific-papers-makes-discoveries-humans-missed

“Using just the language in millions of old scientific papers, a machine learning algorithm was able to make completely new scientific discoveries.

In a study published in Nature on July 3, researchers from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory used an algorithm called Word2Vec sift through scientific papers for connections humans had missed. Their algorithm then spit out predictions for possible thermoelectric materials, which convert heat to energy and are used in many heating and cooling applications.”

Stephen

Posted on: July 16, 2019, 6:26 am Category: Uncategorized

Why people (but not you) are fooled by social media

Why people (but not you) are fooled by social media

https://www.thestar.com/opinion/contributors/2019/07/14/why-people-but-not-you-are-fooled-by-social-media.html

“One way to understand this contradiction is through the Nobel prize-winning work of Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, as explained in Kahneman’s book Thinking, Fast and Slow. They have demonstrated that each of us uses two complementary processes for evaluating information and making decisions. They term these processes System 1 and System 2.

System 1 has evolved for fast thinking; for when it is necessary to respond quickly based on fragmentary information. It is a system designed for “jumping to conclusions” and recalls personal experiences that are associated with strong emotions to construct a plausible storyline. This storyline is then compared to the new information to assess it. System 1 makes almost all of our decisions without our conscious awareness: they are “what my gut tells me.”

System 2 performs slow, reflective, conscious thinking. Because it is conscious, we are aware of making a decision when using System 2 and our conception of our self is necessarily based on our System 2. Despite this, System 2 is invoked only when System 1 fails to construct a storyline from our experiences that resonates with the new information.

The difficulty, in the context of finding reliable information, is that most of our decision-making is hidden from us, because it is performed by System 1. We are aware only of our System 2 decisions, and believe all our decisions are made by reflection and assessing the reliability of information.

When we view others, we notice that many decisions are quick reactions to appeals to emotion or emotional events. We cannot understand why they are blind to the way they are manipulated by unreliable information. When they observe us, they are equally mystified: Why we are blind to our System 1 decisions?

Social media platforms and outlets are in the business of bringing issues into focus by concentrating on individual, personal storylines that appeal to emotion. This engages System 1.”

Stephen

Posted on: July 15, 2019, 6:58 am Category: Uncategorized

Video: Building Public-Private Partnerships

Video: Building Public-Private Partnerships

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MembershipVideo_200620.jpg
“ULI’s involvement from the public and the private area is part of what allows us to see where things are going in the future.”
Real estate projects require both private and public sector cooperation, and understanding both sides is critical.
ULI’s multidisciplinary approach to solve real estate’s biggest problems is what brings the industry’s thought leaders to ULI over any other real estate organization.

 

 

Posted on: July 15, 2019, 6:20 am Category: Uncategorized

New Survey Findings on the Use of Smart Speakers in the United States (Smart Audio Report, Spring 2019)

New Survey Findings on the Use of Smart Speakers in the United States (Smart Audio Report, Spring 2019)

https://www.infodocket.com/2019/06/26/new-survey-findings-on-the-use-of-smart-speakers-in-the-united-states-smart-audio-report-spring-2019/

“From Edison Research and NPR:

New research in The Smart Audio Report series reveals how smart speaker user behavior and perceptions are evolving as owners ‘settle in’ with their devices and the market matures out of its introductory phase.

According to the Spring 2019 survey, seven-in-ten smart speaker owners use their device daily despite common concerns around security and privacy, while those same factors are leading reasons non-owners have not acquired a device.

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While almost half of smart speaker owners are planning to acquire another device, the Report also finds a slowing interest among non-owners in acquiring their first smart speaker.

Among people who do not own a smart speaker and are interested in acquiring one, the top two (2) reasons they have not are:

  • 63% are concerned that hackers could use a smart speaker to gain access to their home or personal information
  • 55% are bothered that smart speakers are always listening

Security remains a concern around these devices among current users as well. Almost 60% of smart speaker owners worry about hackers, and more than half indicated it bothers them that their smart speaker is always listening.

Direct to Full Text Report
36 pages; PDF.”

Stephen

Posted on: July 14, 2019, 6:44 am Category: Uncategorized

The Final Report: Running an online, international peer-mentoring program

The Final Report: Running an online, international peer-mentoring program

“Over four years, the International Librarians Network (ILN) provided free online peer-mentoring to over 5,500 participants from 130 countries. Participants used the program to explore the international world of librarianship, building global networks and sharing knowledge with colleagues around the world.

In March 2017, the Directors of the ILN announced that they were discontinuing the ILN’s peer mentoring program. In announcing the shut-down of the program, the Directors hoped to encourage other members of the library and information community to build on the successes of the ILN to create their own professional development programs. This report was created to document the processes used to run the program and the lessons learned.

This report outlines the establishment of the ILN as well as information about the ILN’s organisational structure and volunteer management. It includes information on marketing, social media, website content and technology. The report also outlines the ILN’s financial and legal considerations, discusses the challenges the ILN faced and outlines the closedown of the ILN’s program.

This report, and the supplementary program material, is released under a Creative Commons licence to support others that may wish to use, remix, or further develop it to continue to offer innovative services to those seeking professional development.”

https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.3413632.v2

Stephen

 

Posted on: July 14, 2019, 6:26 am Category: Uncategorized

57.1% of American Homes Had Only Wireless/Mobile/Cell Telephones During the Second Half of 2018— An Increase of 3.2 Percentage

57.1% of American Homes Had Only Wireless/Mobile/Cell Telephones During the Second Half of 2018— An Increase of 3.2 Percentage

“From the National Center for Health Statistics/CDC:

Preliminary results from the July– December 2018 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) indicate that the number of American homes with only wireless telephones continues to grow. More than one-half of American homes (57.1%) had only wireless telephones (also known as cellular telephones, cell phones, or mobile phones) during the second half of 2018— an increase of 3.2 percentage points since the second half of 2017. More than three in four adults aged 25-34 (76.5%), and a similar percentage of adults renting their homes (75.5%), were living in wireless only households. This report presents the most up-to-date estimates available from the federal government concerning the size and characteristics of this population.

Read the Complete Report (13 pages; PDF)

Stephen

Posted on: July 13, 2019, 6:42 am Category: Uncategorized

Identify Fake News With the ‘Bad News’ Web Game

Identify Fake News With the ‘Bad News’ Web Game

https://vitals.lifehacker.com/identify-fake-news-with-the-bad-news-web-game-1835916627

“Last year we told you about Bad News, a web game that teaches you about misinformation by putting you in the role of a trolling media tycoon. Now, the game’s creators have evidence that the game works as a “vaccine” against misinformation—and they’ve created a simplified version for kids.

I played through Bad News for the first time today. It’s simple—you just get to choose between a few options at each step, and it only takes a few minutes to get through the whole game—but it’s based on a very smart premise. Instead of being told how to spot misinformation, you implement strategies to create it.

I started by choosing a name for my media outlet, Honest Truth Online. Then the game guided me through faux-tweeting appeals to emotion, believable conspiracy theories, and attacks on people who tried to debunk me. At the beginning and end of the game, you have an option to take a short quiz, rating the reliability of a handful of in-game tweets.

At the beginning, I was skeptical: a lot of these tweets and headlines could be true; how was I to know? By the end, I was clicking “unreliable” for most of them, since they clearly employed some of the strategies I’d been using in the game: impersonation, appeals to emotion, polarizing an issue, and more. So, I guess you could say it worked.

That’s how most people reacted, according to a study published this week authored by the game’s creators. The in-game tweets meant to simulate real news had similar credibility ratings whether players saw them before or after the game, but the ones meant to be manipulative got lower ratings after people played. In other words, the game seems to work.

The game is now available in more languages, and there’s also a kids’ version, meant for ages eight to 10. I asked my nine-year-old to play, and the game put him in charge of a fictional school website. At the game’s urging, he spread a lie that the school was going to bring puppies to class, and he fanned the flames of a rumor about a video game ban. It didn’t surprise him that people might lie, he told me afterward, but he never really thought about it in terms of manipulating crowds of people for fun and profit. Here’s hoping he uses that knowledge for good and not for evil.”

 

Stephen

 

Posted on: July 12, 2019, 6:39 am Category: Uncategorized